Theodore Gordon, « Flies that Feed the Trout, Sea and River Fishing », New York, Forest and Stream, 9 avril, 1904, p. 295.
The smaller caddis use small stones and sand to build their homes. All are beautiful made and are as smooth as satin inside. Trout when hungry will swallow the caddis, case and all. The remains of the cases can often be found in the stomachs of large brown trout, usually the stick kind. In western North Carolina the caddis is called « stick-bait » and his aways been used in trout fishing.